|Stamp Name||Definitive 039 Dr. Sun Yat-sen Issue of Central Trust Print, Surcharged as 50c(1943)|
|Stamp Cat Standard||Definitive Stamps|
|Stamp Cat||Chiefs Of State, Emblems|
|Dimension of stamps(mm.)|
|Size of souvenir Sheet (mm.)|
The brief description of the manner in which the surcharge was done in various Postal Districts follows,
Stamp Surcharged Sheet Issue
No. by composition date
D39.1 D. G. of Posts 20×10 1.1943 The stamps were surcharged in No. 4 Sung typeset characters in red by the Engraving and Printing Department of the Central Trust of China, Chungking.
The first stroke of the character 〝伍〞is blunt at the end and the right part of its last stroke at the base is slightly curved downwards. The stroke〝一〞in the character 〝改〞points somewhat horizontally toward the left side. The distance between the characters〝改〞and〝作〞is 5 1/2 mm.
D39.2 Kweichow 20×10 2.1943 The Kin Han Printing Press at Kweiyang (貴陽京漢印書館) undertook the work of surcharging which was done in No. 4 Sung typeset characters in red. The distance between the characters 〝改〞and〝作〞is 5 1/4 or 7 1/4 mm. The Arabic numeral 〝50〞is especially big.
D39.3 W. Szechwan (10×10)×2 3.1943 The surcharge was done by the Ta Kung Printing Press at Chengtu (成都大公印刷局)in new No. 5 Sung typeset characters in red. The Arabic figure〝0〞is comparatively wide in the 1st surcharge and narrow in the 2nd surcharge. The distance between the character〝改〞and〝作〞is 6 1/2 mm.
D39.4 Hunan 10×10 2.1943
20×10 The surcharge was done in No. 5 Regular-Writing characters, which were written by hand and lithographed on stamps in red by the Tzu I Printing Press at Shaoyang (邵陽資一印刷社). The distance between characters〝改〞and〝作〞measures no less than 9 mm.
D39.5 Honan 10×5 3.1943
D39.6 Honan 10×5 7.1943 The surcharge was made by the Yu Teh Printing Press at Sisiakow(西峽口豫德印刷局) in No. 4 Sung typeset characters in red in the first lot and in black in subsequent lots. In the character〝作〞the last stoke was slightly curved. The Arabic numeral 〝50〞were uniformly thick. The distance beween the characters〝改〞and is 5 3/4 mm.
D39.7 Shensi 10×10 3.1943 The surcharge was done by the Mao Chi Printing Press, Sian (西京茂記印刷廠).in No. 4 Sung typeset characters in black. The distance between the characters 〝改〞and 〝作〞is 7 3/4 mm. The Arabic numeral〝50〞is comparatively small.
D39.8 Chekiang (10×10)×2 5.1943 The surcharge was done by the Kiangsi Printing Branch of the Dah Tung Book C2o., Kanhsien (贛縣大東書局江西印刷分廠) in No. 4 Sung typeset characters in deep red ink. The last stroke of the Character〝改〞is especially long with its point curving upwards. There is ample space between the Arabic figures〝5〞and〝0〞. The distance between the characters 〝改〞and〝作〞is 5 1/4 mm.
D39.9 Kwangtung 10×5 5.1943 The surcharge was done at Kukiang (曲江) in No. 4 Sung typeset characters in red. The distance between the characters〝改〞is〝作〞is 7 1/4 mm. The Arabic figure 〝0〞is lower than〝5〞.
D39.10 E. Szechwan 20×10 6.1943 The surcharge was made by the Engraving and Printing Bureau of the Central Trust of China, Chungking (重慶中央信託局印製處) in No. 4 Sung typeset characters in red. The character style is similar to that chosen by the Directorate General of Posts, but in the character〝伍〞 the first stroke has a sharp point and the last stroke is even. The surcharged characters printed in red are slightly yellowish. The distance between the characters 〝改〞and 〝作〞 is 5 1/4 mm.
D39.11 Kwangsi 10×10 6.1943 The surcharge was done at Kweilin in No. 4 Sung typeset characters in red. The distance between the characters 〝改〞and 〝作〞is 7 1/4 mm. The Arabic numeral 〝50〞is comparatively small in size.
When the Central Trust of China, Chungking first undertook to print stamps in 1942, the postage for ordinary letters was 16￠per unit, and a big stock of stamps of this denomination was printed. On December 1 of that year the ordinary letter rate was increased to 50￠. Consequently, various District Head Offices were instructed to surcharge part of their existing stock of 16 denomination with the wording 〝國內平信附加已付〞(domestic ordinary letter surcharge paid) for use as 50￠. On December 7, 1942 another circular telegram was sent to all districts instructing them to print the characters 〝改作伍角〞(altered to be 50￠) in the 4 Corners of Dr. Sun Yat-sen's portrait (in stamps not yet surcharged) and to print the Arabic numeral〝50〞at the bottom.