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Commemorative 231 1000th Birthday of Fan Chung-yen Commemorative Issue (1989)

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Stamp SN B231
Stamp Name Commemorative 231 1000th Birthday of Fan Chung-yen Commemorative Issue (1989)
Stamp Cat Standard Commemorative Stamps
Stamp Cat Culture Heroes, Individuals
Issue date 1989-09-01
Suspersion date 1991-09-01
Dimension of stamps(mm.) 29x37
Size of souvenir Sheet (mm.)
Printer China Color Printing Co. Inc., R.O.C.
Drawer
Designer Lee Kuang-chi
Photographer
Engraver
Creative Director
Sheet composition 10×10
Print color
Process Deep etch offset
Paper Locally-made mat finished,
watermarked stamp paper with gum
Back
Perforation 14x13 1/2


   Fan Chung-yen (989-1052) was a native of Kiangsu in the Sung Dynasty (960-1280 A.D.). Though he was orphaned and from a poor family, due to his efforts in studies, he passed the national civil service examination to enter the officialdom of the Sung bureaucracy and later managed to be promoted to high ranks in the government. He was an outspoken guardian of the masses, treated himself frugally, but bestowed charity to the poor at all times. In his capacity as commander of the northwestern frontier regiments for several years, he enforced rigorous disciplines with magnanimity towards frontiersmen and his soldiers. The barbaric Chiang and Hsia tribes, aliens in northwest China during that time, were respectful to him and therefore nonaggressive. The last years saw him as Vice Privy Councillor, devoting his efforts to renovating the civil service system and improving administration.

   His conviction that a man should make state affairs his foremost concern has since been embedded in the mainstream thought of generations of Chinese intelligentsia. His famous saying 〝Worry before the people worry; rejoice after the people rejoice.〞appears on the stamp in beautiful calligraphy and has been chanted by generations of Chinese elite. Beside the calligraphy is his portrait from the San Tsai Tu Huei.