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Commemorative  1 Empress Dowager’s Birthday Commemorative Issue (1894)

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Stamp SN B001
Stamp Name Commemorative  1 Empress Dowager’s Birthday Commemorative Issue (1894)
Stamp Cat Standard Commemorative Stamps
Stamp Cat Myth, Navigation, Emblems, Individuals
Issue date 1894-11-01
Suspersion date
Dimension of stamps(mm.) C1.1-1.6 19×24<br>C1.7-1.8 31.5×24.5<br>C1.9 32×24.5
Size of souvenir Sheet (mm.)
Printer Customs Statistical Department
Designer R.A.de Villard
Creative Director
Sheet composition C1.1-1.6 (4×5)×12
C1.7-1.9 (5×5)×6
Print color
Process Lithograph
Paper "Diagram of Tai Chi" watermarked paper
Perforation 11 1/2-12
On the 10th day of the 10th moon of the 20th year of Emperor Kuang Hsu (1894), on the occasion of the 60th birthday of Empress Dowager, which also happened to be the 50th anniversary of the opening of trade between China and foreign countries, commemorative stamps were issued in nine denominations, through the recommendation of Sir Robert Hart, Inspector General of Customs concurrently in charge of the Postal Service. Six of these were printed in small design and three in large design, all drawn by R.A. de Villard (French), a member of the Customs staff.All the designs symbolized good fortune and prosperity.  The above nine denominations were printed in lithography on thin white paper with 〝Tai Chi Tu〞watermark. Subsequently at the suggestion of P.G. von Mollendorff (German), chief of the Customs Statistical Department in Shanghai, another lot of stamps was printed on thicker, white, unwatermarked paper especially for distribution among Chinese high officals and various legations.