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Definitive 056 Dr. Sun Yat-sen and Martyrs Issues Surcharged in Gold Yuan (1948)

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Stamp SN A056
Stamp Name Definitive 056 Dr. Sun Yat-sen and Martyrs Issues Surcharged in Gold Yuan (1948)
Stamp Cat Standard Definitive Stamps
Stamp Cat Chiefs Of State, Martyrs, Emblems
Issue date 1948-10-01
Suspersion date
Dimension of stamps(mm.)
Size of souvenir Sheet (mm.)
Printer
Drawer
Designer
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Sheet composition
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Perforation

(1) Shanghai Dah Yeh Surcharge
   Issue date:Since October 7, 1948
  Stamp No.   Original print
   D56.1  Dr. Sun Central Trust
   D56.2  Dr. Sun 2nd Shanghai Dah Tung
   D56.3  Dr. Sun 1st Shanghai Dah Tung
   D56.4  Dr. Sun Central Trust
   D56.5  Dr. Sun Central Trust
   D56.6  Dr. Sun Central Trust
   D56.7  Dr. Sun Central Trust
   D56.8  Dr. Sun Chungking C.E.P.W.
   D56.9  Dr4. Sun HK. Chung Hwa(Retouched)
   D56.10  Martyrs HK.
   D56.11  Martyrs HK. (Wmk)
   D56.12  Dr. Sun 2nd Pai Cheng
   D56.13  Dr. Sun Chungking Chung Hwa
   D56.14  Dr. Sun Chungking Chung Hwa
   D56.15  Dr. Sun 3rd London
   D56.16  Dr. Sun 1st Shanghai Dah Tung

  The stamp surcharged in black or red by the Dah Yeh Printing Press at Shanghai were, in the case of lower cent denominations (excluding Dr. Sun Yat-sen issue of Chungking C.E.P.W. Print in $30 denomination surcharged as 5cents), overprinted with No.5 Square characters "金圓" (gold yuan) and No.5 square Arabic figures in typography in 4 styles of printing. The stamps converted into values above 10 cents and under 1 dollar were overprinted in No.5 Regular-Writing characters and No.5 square-style Arabic figures also in typography. The peculiarities of the characters (P-61) are as follows: 1. The character "圓" (yuan) is small in size and somewhat round in shape without sharp corners.

2. The third stroke (slanting stroke) in the character "角" (10 cts.) is short and its lower part is straight and blunt. The second horizontal stoke in the part "土" touches the slanting stroke on the left side.

3. The Arabic figures are of uniform thickness in square letter style.

  Among the stamps surcharged by the Dah Yeh Printing Co., the Gold Yuan 10 cents stamps (converted from stamps of $70 denomination of Chungking Chung Hwa P Rint) bear characters of the Union Press style.

 

(2) Shanghai Sun I Surcharge
   Issue date:Since October 9, 1948
D56.17  Dr. Sun Central Trust
D56.18  Dr. Sun Chungking Chung Hwa
D56.19  Dr. Sun Chungking Chung Hwa
D56.20  Dr. Sun Chungking C.E.P.W.
D56.21  Dr. Sun Central Trust
D56.22  Dr. Sun Central Trust
D56.23  Dr. Sun 2nd Pai Cheng
D56.24  Dr. Sun 2nd Pai Cheng
D56.25  Dr. Sun Chungking Chung Hwa
D56.26  Dr. Sun Chungking Dah Tung
D56.27  Dr. Sun Central Trust
D56.28  Dr. Sun Chungking Chung Hwa
D56.29  Dr. Sun Chungking Chung Hwa
D56.30  Dr. Sun Chungking Chung Hwa
D56.31  Dr. Sun Chungking Chung Hwa
D56.32  Dr. Sun Chungking Chung Hwa
D56.33  Dr. Sun Chungking Chung Hwa
D56.34  Dr. Sun 3rd Shanghai Dah Tung
D56.35  Dr. Sun 3rd Shanghai Dah Tung

  The Shanghai San I Printing Co. used No.5 Regular-Writing style characters and No.5 book-printing style Arabic figures with the following peculiarities in the style of Chinese characters (P-62):
1. The character 〝圓〞 (yuan) is rather thick and round. There is much space between the inner part 〝員〞 and outer part of the character.

2. The third stroke in the character 〝角〞 (10 cts.) is lone and curved with a sharp ending. The part〝土〞touches the strokes on both sides.

3. The Arabic figures are of book printing style. The strokes vary in thickness, and the figures are small in size.

 

(3) Shanghai Union Surcharge
   Issue date:Since October 12, 1948
D56.36  Dr. Sun 2nd Shanghai Dah Tung
D56.37  Dr. Sun Chungking Chung Hwa
D56.38  Dr. Sun Central Trust
D56.39  Dr. Sun Chungking Dah Tung
D56.40  Dr. Sun 1st Shanghai Dah Tung
D56.41  Martyrs HK.
D56.42  Martyrs HK. (Wmk)
D56.43  Dr. Sun Central Trust
D56.44  Dr. Sun 2nd Pai Cheng
D56.45  Dr. Sun 2nd Pai Cheng
D56.46  Dr. Sun 1st Shanghai Dah Tung
D56.47  Dr. Sun Central Trust
D56.48  Dr. Sun 2nd Pai Cheng
D56.49  Dr. Sun 2nd Pai Cheng
D56.50  Dr. Sun Chungking C.E.P.W.
D56.51  Dr. Sun 1st Shanghai Dah Tung
D56.52  Martyrs HK.
D56.53  Dr. Sun 2nd Shanghai Dah Tung
D56.54  Martyrs HK.
D56.55  Dr. Sun 3rd Shanghai Dah Tung
D56.56  Martyrs HK.
D56.57  Dr. Sun Chungking Chung Hwa
D56.58  Dr. Sun 1st Shanghai Dah Tung
D56.59  Dr. Sun Central Trust
D56.60  Dr. Sun 1st Shanghai Dah Tung
D56.61  Dr. Sun 2nd Pai Cheng

  Of the stamps surcharged by the Shanghai Union Press, $500 stamps of Dr. Sun Yat-sen Issue of the 2nd Shanghai Dah Tung Print were surcharged as 1/2¢with square characters, while stamps of other denominations were invariably surcharged with No.5 especially made Regular-Writing characters and No.5 book printing style Arabic figures in typography. The peculiarities of Chinese characters (P-63) are described as follows:

1.The character〝圓〞(yuan) has strikingly sharp corners. The strokes are generally strong, but the first stroke has a projected ending at the top.

2. The two horizontal strokes in the part 〝土〞of the character 〝角〞(10 cts) do not touch the strokes on either side.

3. The Arabic figures are of book printing style. The strokes vary in thickenss. The letters are larger in size than those used by the San I Printing Co.

 

(4)Shanghai Sung Fa Surcharge
  Issue date:December 1948
D56.62  Dr. Sun 2nd Shanghai Dah Tung
(5)Shanghai Yuan Hwa Surcharge
  Issue date:December 1948
D56.63  Dr. Sun 2nd Shanghai Dah Tung

  Dr. Sun Yat-sen stamps of $6,000 denomination of the 2nd Shanghai Dah Tung Print were handed partly to Shun Fa Printing Press and partly to the Yuan Hwa Printing Press for surcharge as 50¢in No.5 Regular-Writing characters and book printing style Arabic figures in black or blue. The peculiarities in the style of characters are described as follows:

 ?11. The character〝圓〞(yuan) is somewhat similar to that of the Union overprint but the first stroke does not have any projection at the top. The part〝口〞in the part〝員〞is narrower than 〝貝〞.
 ?22. The character 〝角〞(10 cts.) is also similar to the Union surcharge, but the third stroke (slanting stroke) is comparatively straight, short, and blunt.

 ?33. The Arabic figures are thin. The figure〝5〞is in a reclining position.

(6)Chengtu Surcharge
  Issue date : December 7, 1948
D56.64  Dr. Sun 3rd Shanghai Dah Tung
D56.65  Dr. Sun 1st Shanghai Dah Tung

  The stamps handed by the Western Szechwan Postal District to the Chengtu Chang Wen Printing Press(成都昌文印刷所) for surcharge are Dr. Sun Yat-sen stamps of the Shanghai Dah Tung Print. The surcharge was done in No.5 typeset Regular-Writing characters and Arabic figures. The whole set consists of two denominations. Their peculiar points are as follows:

  1. The last stroke in the character〝角〞(10 cts.) is comparatively long, passing through two horizontal strokes. In all overprints made in Shanghai, the last stroke in that character invariably stopped at the juncture of the second horizontal stroke connecting it.

  2.The distance between the figures〝1〞and 〝0〞or between〝2〞and〝0〞is wider.

(7)Nanking Surcharge
  Issue date:December 1948 
D56.66  Dr. Sun 2nd Shanghai Dah Tung
D56.67  Dr. Sun 2nd Shanghai Dah Tung
D56.68   Dr. Sun 3rd Shanghai Dah Tung
D56.69   Dr. Sun 3rd Shanghai Dah Tung
D56.70   Dr. Sun 3rd Shanghai Dah Tung
D56.71   Dr. Sun 3rd Shanghai Dah Tung
D56.72   Dr. Sun 3rd Shanghai Dah Tung

  The Fukien Postal District, which had only a short supply of high-value stamps, was authorized to have five denominations of Dr. Sun Yat`sen stamps of the 3rd Shanghai Dah Tung Print surcharged in high values in red or black. This was done by the Chung Hwa Printing Press at Foochow (福州中華印刷所) in No.5 Regular-Writing typeset characters and new No.5 Arabic figures. As the face value was very high, the cent units were left out in the Arabic figures.

  On August 20, 1948, the Government changed the national currency by replacing the Legal Tender notes with Gold Yuan notes at the ratio of G.Y. $1 to L.T. $3,000,000. As the date of enforcement did not allow sufficient time for the printing of new stamps, the Post Office had to continue the use, at the very beginning of the change, of the old currency stamps, which were sold for Gold Yuan notes at the conversion rate promulgated by the Government. At the same time, immediate steps were taken for the surcharge of old stamps in Gold Yuan values. Sale of the surcharged stamps commenced on October 7, 1948.